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 STRATA TITLES ACT 1985  (ACT 318)

PART VII
MANAGEMENT OF A SUBDIVIDED BUILDING

39. Establishment of management corporation.
40. Restrictions imposed on management corporation during initial period.
41. Duty of original proprietor to convene first annual general meeting.
41A. Contributions payable by parcel proprietors.
42. Ownership of common property and custody of issue document of title.
43. Duties and powers of management corporation.
44. By-laws for the regulation of a subdivided building.
45. Management fund.
46. Special account.
47. Acquisition of additional land, grant and acceptance of easements, etc.
48. (Deleted).
49. Rating.

50. Director may appoint managing agent to exercise or perform certain powers, etc
51. Appointment of administrator for management corporation.
52. The recovery of sum as debt due to management corporation.
53. Recovery of sums due.
53A. Recovery of sums by attachment of movable property.
54. Service of documents.
55. Breaches of provisions of this Part.
55A.Failure to pay contributions.

39. Establishment of management corporation.

(1) Upon the opening of a book of the strata register in respect of a subdivided building there shall, by the operation of the section, come into existence a management corporation consisting of all the parcel proprietors including in the case of phased development, the proprietor of the provisional block or blocks.

(2) The management corporation established by subsection (1) shall be known by the name appearing in the book of the strata register relating to a subdivided building, and shall be a body corporate having perpetual succession and a common seal.

(2A) The management corporation may apply to the Registrar for a certificate certifying that the management corporation is a body corporate constituted under this Act on the day specified in the certificate.

(3) The management corporation may sue and be sued.

(4) The management corporation shall elect a council which subject to any restriction imposed or direction given by the management corporation at a general meeting, shall perform the management corporation's duties and conduct the management corporation's business on its behalf, and may for that purpose exercise any of the management corporation's powers.

(5) The provision of the Second Schedule shall have effect in relation to the management corporation and its council.

40. Restrictions imposed on management corporation during initial period.

(1) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this Act, the management corporation shall not, during the initial period -

(a) amend, add to or repeal its by-laws in such a manner that a right is conferred or an obligation is imposed on one or more but not all, proprietors or in respect of one or more, but not all, or provisional blocks;

(b) borrow moneys or give securities; or

(c) enter into any maintenance or service contracts for any periods extending beyond the expiration of the initial period.

(2) Without prejudice to any other remedy available against the original proprietor, if a management corporation contravenes subsection (1), the original proprietor shall be liable for any loss suffered by the management corporation or any parcel proprietor as a result of the contravention and the management corporation or any parcel proprietor may recover from the original proprietor as damages for breach of a statutory duty, any loss suffered by it or him in consequence of such contravention.

41. Duty of original proprietor to convene first annual general meeting.

(1) It shall be the duty of the original proprietor to convene the first annual general meeting of the management corporation within one month after the expiration of the initial period.

(2) If the original proprietor fails to comply with subsection (1), he shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding one thousand ringgit.

(3) Without prejudice to the provisions of subsections (1) and (2), if the original proprietor fails to convene the first annual general meeting within the specified period, the Director may, on application by the management corporation, a proprietor or chargee of a parcel. appoint a person to convene the first annual general meeting of the management corporation within such time as may be specified by the Director.

(4) The original proprietor shall give a written notice of the first annual general meeting to all parcel proprietors constituting the management corporation not less than fourteen days before the meeting.

(5) The agenda for the first annual general meeting shall include the following matters:

(a) to decide whether to confirm, vary or extend insurances effected by the management corporation;

(b) to decide whether to confirm or vary any amounts determined as contributions to the management fund;

(ba) to determine the portion of contribution to the management fund to be paid into the special account to be maintained under section 46;

(c) to determine the number of members of the council and to elect the council where there are more than three proprietors; and

(d) to decide whether to amend, add to or repeal the by-laws in force immediately before the holding of the meeting.

41A. Contributions payable by parcel proprietors.

Where the first annual general meeting of a management corporation in respect of a subdivided building has not yet been convened, the proprietor of each of the parcels or provisional blocks, if any, in the subdivided building shall, commencing from the opening of the book of the strata register in respect of the subdivided building, pay to the management corporation any such sum which has been approved by the Director as the amount payable for the maintenance of the subdivided building and the common property and such sum shall be deemed to be the amount determined by the management corporation as the contributions payable by the proprietors to the management fund of the management corporation.

42. Ownership of common property and custody of issue document of title.

(1) The management corporation shall, on coming into existence become the proprietor of the common property and be the custodian of the issue document of title of the lot.

(2) The management corporation shall have in relation to the common property the powers conferred by the National Land Code on a proprietor in relation to his land:

Provided that -

(i) except where it is specifically provided otherwise in this Act, those powers may be exercised only on the authority of a unanimous resolutions; and

(ii) the corporation shall not have power to transfer any portion of the common property which forms part of the building or the land on which the building stands.

43. Duties and powers of management corporation.

(1) The duties of the management corporation include the following -

(a) to manage and properly maintain the common property and keep it in a state of good and serviceable repair;

(b) to insure and keep insured the subdivided building to the replacement value thereof against fire and such other risks as may be prescribed under this Act;

(c) to effect such other insurance of the subdivided building as may be required by law;

(d) to insure against such other risks as the proprietors may by special resolution direct;

(e) to apply insurance moneys received by it in respect of damage to the subdivided building in rebuilding and reinstating it in so far as it may be lawful to do so, subject to any order made by the court under section 56;

(f) to pay premiums on any insurance effected by it;

(g) to comply with any notices or orders given or made by any competent public or statutory authorities requiring the abatement of any nuisance on the common property, or ordering repairs or other work to be done in respect of the common property or any building or other improvements on the lot.

(h) to comply with any such notices or orders as are referred to in paragraph (g) given or made in respect of any of the parcels, if the proprietor fails to do within a reasonable time;

(i) to prepare and maintain, in such form as may be prescribed, a strata roll for the subdivided building; and

(j) to pay the rent of the lot.

(2) The powers of the management corporation shall include the following:

(a) to recover from any parcel proprietor any sum expended by the management corporation in respect of that proprietor's parcel in complying with any such notices or orders as are referred to in paragraph (h) of subsection (1);

(b) to purchase, hire or otherwise acquire movable property for use by the parcel proprietors in connection with their enjoyment of the common property;

(c) to borrow money's required by it in the exercise of its powers or the performance of its duties;

(d) to secure the repayment of moneys borrowed by it and the payment of interest thereon by negotiable instrument or by a charge of unpaid contributions to the management fund, (whether already levied or not) by a charge of any property vested in it or by a combination of any of those means;

(e) to collect during the initial period by way of contributions from proprietors in proportion to the share units or provisional share units of their respective parcels or provisional blocks; and

(f) to do all things reasonably necessary for the performance of its duties under this Part and for the enforcement of the by-laws set out in the Third Schedule.

(3) The management corporation shall be deemed -

(a) for the purposes of effecting any insurance under paragraph (b) and (c) of subsection (1), to have an insurable interest in the subdivided building equal to its replacement value; and

(b) for the purposes of effecting any insurance under paragraph (d) of subsection (1), to have an insurable interest in the subject matter of the insurance.

(4) A policy of insurance taken out by the management corporation under this section in respect of the subdivided building shall not be liable to be brought into contribution with any other policy of insurance, except another policy taken out under this section in respect of the same subdivided building.

(5) Where the management corporation performs any repairs, work or act that is required or authorised by or under this Part or by or under any other written law to perform (whether or not the repairs, work or act were or was performed consequent upon the service on it by any Government or statutory authority of any notice or order), but the repairs, work or act were or was wholly or substantially the liability or the responsibility of the proprietor of a parcel only, or wholly or substantially for the benefit of some of the parcels only, any money expended by the management corporation in performing the repairs, work or act shall -

(a) in the case where the repairs, work or act were or was wholly or substantially the liability or the responsibility of the proprietor of a parcel only, be recoverable by the management corporation in an action in a court of competent jurisdiction as a debt due to it jointly and severally from -

(i) the relevant proprietor of the parcel at the time when the repairs, work or act were or was performed; and

(ii) the relevant proprietor of the parcel at the time when the action was commenced; or

(b) in the case where the repairs, work or act were or was wholly or substantially for the benefit of some the parcels only, or wholly or substantially the liability or the responsibility of the proprietors of some of the parcels only, be recoverable by the management corporation in an action in a court of competent jurisdiction a a debt due to it jointly and severally from -

(i) the relevant proprietor of each of such parcels at the time when the repairs, work or act were or was performed; and

(ii) the relevant proprietor of each of such parcels at the time when the action was commenced,

the amount payable by any proprietor and former proprietor in respect of any parcel being not more than the proportion of the debt which the share unit of the parcel then bears to the total share units of all those parcels.

(6) A proprietor of a parcel who is not the proprietor of the parcel at the time when the repairs, work or act referred to in subsection (5) were or was performed shall not be liable to pay the management corporation any amount due under that subsection if he has, at any time on or within twenty-one days before the date he acquired the title or interest in the parcel, made a requisition in writing to the management corporation to inquire about the amount (if any) recoverable by the management corporation under that subsection in respect of the parcel and the management corporation has -

(a) certified that no amount is recoverable by the management corporation in respect of the parcel; or

(b) not given a reply to the requisition at any time within fourteen days of the date of the service of the requisition.

(7) Where the management corporation incurs any expenditure or performs any repairs, work or act that it is required or authorised by or under this Part or by or under any other written law to perform (whether or not the expenditure was incurred or the repairs, work or act were or was performed consequent upon the service on it by any Government or statutory authority of any notice or order) and the expenditure or the repairs, work or act were or was rendered necessary by reason of any wilful or negligent act or omission on the part of, or breach of any provision of its by-laws by, any person of his tenant, lessee, licensee or invitee, the amount of that expenditure of any money expended by it in performing the repairs, work or act shall be recoverable by it from that person as a debt in an action in any court of competent jurisdiction.

(8) The generally of this section shall not be prejudiced by any other provision in this Part conferring a power or imposing a duty on the management corporation.

44. By-laws for the regulation of a subdivided building.

(1) The by-laws set out in the Third Schedule shall, as and from the opening of a book of the strata register be in force for all purposes in relation to every subdivided building and shall not be amended by the management corporation.

(2) The management corporation may by special resolution make additional by-laws, or make amendments to such additional by-laws, not inconsistent with the by-laws set out in the Third Schedule, for regulating the control, management, administration, use and enjoyment of the subdivided building.

(3) The by-laws for the time being in force in respect of the subdivided building shall bind the management corporation and the proprietors to the same extent as if they constituted properly executed agreements -

(a) on the part of the management corporation with each proprietor; and

(b) on the part of each parcel proprietor with every other proprietor and with the management corporation.

to observe and perform all the provisions of the by-laws,

(4) The management corporation shall -

(a) keep a record of the by-laws in force from time to time;

(b) on receipt of an application in writing made by a proprietor or by a person duly authorised to apply on behalf of a proprietor for a copy of the by-laws in force, supply to such proprietor or duly authorised person at a reasonable cost a copy of the by-laws; and

(c) on the application of any person who satisfies the management corporation that he has a proper interest in so applying, make such by-laws available for inspection.

(5) No by-law is capable of operating -

(a) to prohibit or restrict the transmission, transfer, lease or charge of, or any other dealing with any parcel of a subdivided building; and

(b) to destroy or modify any easement expressly or impliedly created by or under this Act.

(5A) In subsection (5) "easement" includes a right or obligation created by section 35.

(6) A copy of any by-laws made by the management corporation under subsection (2) and any amendment of any by-laws for the time being in force, certified as a true copy under the seal of the management corporation, shall be lodged by the management corporation with the Director within thirty days of the passing of the resolution by the management corporation approving the by-laws.

(7) The management corporation or any proprietor shall be entitled to apply to a court of competent jurisdiction -

(a) for an order to enforce the performance of, or restrain the breach of, any by-laws by; or

(b) to recover damages for any loss or injury to any persons or properties arising out of the breach of any by-law from,

any persons bound to comply therewith, the management corporation or the administrator, and the court may make such order against any such persons, the management corporation or the members of its council, or the administrator, as the court thinks fit.

45. Management fund.

(1) The management corporation shall establish a management fund sufficient in the opinion of the management corporation to meet the administrative expenses as may be incurred for the purposes of controlling, managing and administering the common property, paying rent, rates and premiums of insurance and discharging any other obligation of the management corporation.

(2) The management corporation may invest any moneys in the management fund, only in such investments or in such manner as may be approved at a general meeting.

(3) Subject to section 41A, for the purpose of establishing and maintaining the management fund the management corporation may at a general meeting -

(a) determine from time to time the amount to be raised for the purposes mentioned in subsection (1);

(b) raise the amounts so determined by levying contributions on the proprietors in proportion to the share units or provisional share units of their respective parcels or provisional blocks; and

(c) determine the amount of interest payable by a proprietor in respect of late contributions which shall not exceed the rate of ten per cent per annum.

(4) On application by or on behalf of a person who is a proprietor of a parcel, or by or on behalf of a prospective purchaser of a parcel that is offered for sale, or by or on behalf of the chargee or prospective chargee of a parcel, the management corporation shall issue to that person a certificate certifying -

(a) the amount determined, pursuant to subsection (3), as the contributions of that proprietor;

(b) the time and manner of payment of the amount determined by it pursuant to that subsection;

(c) the extent, if any, to which the contribution has been paid;

(d) the amount (if any) then recoverable by the management corporation in respect of the parcel pursuant to subsection (5) of section 43;

(e) the sum standing to the credit of the management fund and the amount out of that fund committed or reserved for any expenses already incurred by the management corporation; and

(f) whether or not the management corporation has incurred any expenditure or is about to perform any repairs, work or act in respect of which a liability is likely to be incurred by the proprietor of the parcel under any provision of this Part and, if so, the estimated amount of the expenditure or the general nature of the repairs, work or act, and as against the management corporation and in favour of any person (including the member) relying in good faith on such certificate, that certificate shall be conclusive evidence of the matters certified therein.

(5) Any contribution levied under subsection (3) in respect of a parcel shall be due and payable on the passing of a resolution to that effect by the management corporation and in accordance with the terms of that resolution, and may be recovered as a debt from a proprietor of, or his successor in title to, the parcel.

(5A) Any contribution levied under subsection (3) in respect of a provisional block shall be due and payable on the passing of a resolution to that effect by the management corporation and in accordance with the terms of that resolution, and may be recovered as a debt from the proprietor of the provisional block relates has been subdivided, from the proprietors of the parcels in the building, or their successors in title, in proportion to the share units of their respective parcels.

(6) For the purposes of subsection (5) the word "proprietor" shall include the person for the time being receiving the rent of the parcel, whether as agent or trustee or as receiver, and who would receive the same if the parcel were let to a tenant.

46. Special account.

The management corporation shall maintain a special account in which shall be paid such portion of the contribution to the management fund as may be from time to time determined under paragraph (ba) of subsection (5) of section 41 by special resolution for the purposes of meeting its actual or expected liabilities in respect of the following matters:

(a) for painting or repainting any part of the common property which is a building or other structure;

(b) for the acquisition of any movable property for use in relation with the common property;

(c) for the renewal or replacement of any fixtures or fittings comprised in any common property and any movable property vested in the body corporate; and

(d) for any other expenditure not being expenditure incurred under subsection (5) of section 43 to meet a liability for maintenance or for settling any defaults in payment by a proprietor.

47. Acquisition of additional land, grant and acceptance of easements, etc.

(1) The management corporation, if authorised by a unanimous resolution, may -

(a) acquire land outside the lot to be used for purposes connected with subdivided building;

(b) grant or accept the burden of an easement imposed on the lot for the benefit of some other land;

(c) accept the benefit of an easement imposed in favour of the lot on some other land; or

(d) (Deleted by Act A753).

(2) Land outside the lot acquired under paragraph (a) of subsection (1) shall be treated and dealt with as if it were part of the common property:

Provided that land so acquired shall be held on a separate title and shall not be amalgamated with the lot.

(3) Where an instrument is executed by the management corporation in the exercise of its powers under subsection (1)-

(a) the instrument shall be valid and effective without execution by any proprietor or other person or body having an interest in the land;

(b) the receipt of the management corporation for any moneys payable to the corporation under the instrument shall be a good and sufficient discharge which exonerates the person or body paying the moneys from responsibility for the application thereof;

(c) when the instrument is lodged for registration it shall be endorsed with or accompanied by a certificate under the seal of the management corporation stating that -

(i) the resolution directing the transaction to which the instrument relates was duly passed; and

(ii) the transaction conforms to the terms of the resolution;

(d) (Deleted by A753).

(e) a certificate given under paragraph (c) shall, in favour of the Registrar or a party to the transaction other than the management corporation, be conclusive evidence of the facts certified.

48. (Deleted).
49. Rating.

(1) The management corporation shall-

(a) within one month after its establishment, or within such further period as the rating authority may allow, supply the rating authority with two copies of the certified strata plan in respect of the subdivided building and with the names and addresses of the members of the council of the corporation; and

(b) keep the rating authority informed of any changes in the plan, names and addresses supplied under paragraph (a).

(2) Where a rate is levied on the common property, the management corporation shall be liable to pay the rate.

(3) For the purposes of this section the words "the rating authority" shall mean in relation to a subdivided building any authority authorised by law to levy rates.

50. Director may appoint managing agent to exercise or perform certain powers, etc.

(1) The Director may, upon complaints by  proprietor or any other person or body having a registered interest in a parcel that the management corporation has not functioned satisfactorily, if satisfied that it is in the interests of the parcel proprietors in the subdivided building concerned, appoint a managing agent to exercise the powers and discharge the duties and functions of the management corporation.

(2) Where the Directors makes the appointment under subsection (1), he may also specify that the managing agent shall and may exercise and discharge -

(a) all the powers, duties and functions of the management corporation for the subdivided building to which the appointment relates or of the council of that management corporation;

(b) any one or more of those powers, duties or functions specified in the appointment; or

(c) all of those powers, duties and functions except those specified in the appointment.

(3) The expenses incurred by the managing agent shall be charged on the management fund of the management corporation.

51. Appointment of administrator for management corporation.

(1) A court of competent jurisdiction on the application of the management corporation, a proprietor or any other person or body having a registered interest in a parcel may, appoint an administration for the management corporation for a fixed or indefinite period and on such terms and conditions as to remuneration or otherwise as the court thinks fit.

(2) The remuneration and expenses of the administrator shall be charged on the management fund of the management corporation.

(3) The administrator shall, to the exclusion of the management corporation, have the power and perform the duties of the management corporation, or such of them as the court may direct:

Provided that this subsection shall not preclude the management corporation from applying under subsection (5) for the removal or replacement of the administrator.

(4) An administrator when appointed shall forthwith lodge with the Registrar an office copy of the order of court making his appointment.

(5) The court may, on the application of the management corporation or any person or body entitled to apply under subsection (1), remove or replace the administrator.

(6) Where an order of the court for removal or replacement of an administrator has been granted to any person, such person shall forthwith lodge with the Registrar, an office copy of such order.

(7) On any application made under this section the court may make such order for the payment of costs as it thinks fit.

52. The recovery of sum as debt due to management corporation.

(1) The payment of any amount lawfully incurred by the management corporation in the course of the exercise of any of its powers or functions or carrying out of its duties or obligations shall by virtue of this section be guaranteed by the proprietors for the time being constituting the management corporation, each proprietor being liable under such guarantee only for such proportion of the money so incurred as the share units of his parcel or the provisional share units of his provisional block bear to the aggregate share units.

(2) Where any proprietor has not discharged or fully discharged his liability for the purpose of subsection (1), the management corporation shall be entitled to recover from the proprietor in any court of competent jurisdiction as a debt due to it.

(3) Where for reasons of insufficiency of fund to meet the sum guaranteed under subsection (1), the management corporation may at an annual general meeting or at an extraordinary general meeting determine the amount to be contributed by each proprietor and decide any other issue or matter relating to the settlement of the said sum.

53. Recovery of sums due.

(1) Where a sum becomes recoverable by the management corporation from a proprietor by virtue of paragraph (a) of subsection (2) of section 43, subsection (5) or (5A) of section 45 and subsection (2) of section 52, the management corporation may serve on the proprietor a written notice requesting payment of the sum due within such period, which shall be not less than two weeks from the date of service of the notice, as may be specified in the notice.

(2) If at the end of the period specified in the notice under subsection (1) the sum or part of the sum due remains unpaid, the management corporation may serve on the proprietor a written notice demanding payment of the sum due within two weeks from the date of service of the notice; and if upon expiry of the said period, the sum due still remains unpaid, the management corporation may file a summons in any court of competent jurisdiction for the recovery of the said sum or, in addition or as an alternative to recovery under this section, resort to recovery under section 53A.

53A. Recovery of sums by attachment of movable property.

(1) In the like circumstances in which the management corporation may, by virtue of subsection (2) of section 53, file a summons for the recovery of a sum which becomes recoverable as mentioned in subsection (1) of that section, the Land Administrator may, upon sworn application in writing made by any member of the council of the management corporation, issue a warrant of attachment in Form 7A authorising the attachment of any movable property belonging to the defaulting proprietor which may be found in the building or elsewhere in the State.

(2) The warrant shall be executed by a member of the council of the management corporation or by a person specially employed by the council to execute such warrants; and a person executing the warrant shall be deemed to be a public servant for the purposes of the Penal Code.

(2A) If the management corporation encounters difficulties in executing the warrant, it may seek the assistance of the Director and in providing such assistance, the Director may request for the assistance of a police officer not below the rank of Inspector.

(3) A person executing the warrant -

(a) may, in the daytime, effect forcible entry into any house or building or any part thereof for the purpose of executing the warrant; and

(b) shall, immediately after attachment, make an inventory of the property attached under the warrant and serve a notice in Form 7B on the person who, at the time of attachment, was or appeared to be in possession of the property.

(3A) Any tenant, sub-tenant, or occupier who, in order to avoid the attachment or sale of the movable property for non-payment of any sum due to the management corporation by the parcel proprietor, pays such sum may thereafter, in the absence of any written agreement to the contrary, deduct the amount so paid by him from the rent due or to become due by him to the parcel proprietor, and may retain possession until such amount has been fully reimbursed to him whether by deduction from the rent or otherwise.

(3B) The receipt issued by the management corporation for any amount so paid by any such tenant, sub-tenant or occupier shall be deemed an acquittance in full for the like amount of rent.

(4) If any person whose property is attached disputes the legality of the attachment, he may, within fourteen days of the date of attachment, apply to the Magistrate's Court having jurisdiction in the place of attachment for an order for the release of the property, and the Magistrate's Court, after making such enquiry as may be necessary, shall grant or refuse to grant the order.

(5) If the sum due is not paid within fourteen days from the date of attachment, the property attached or such portion thereof as may be sufficient to realise the sum shall be sold by public auction, unless within that period an application is made under subsection (4), in which case the property shall be held pending the decision of the Magistrate's Court and shall then be dealt with as the Magistrate's Court may order.

(6) If the Magistrate's Court refuses to grant an order for the release of the property, and that decision of the Magistrate's Court is reached within fourteen days from the date of attachment, the property shall not be sold before the expiry of that period.

(7) Notwithstanding subsections (5) and (6), if the property is of a perishable nature, it may be sold at once, and in that case the proceeds of sale shall be held pending the decision of the Magistrate's Court and shall then be dealt with as the Magistrate's Court may order.

(8) In any other case, the proceeds of sale shall be applied in satisfaction of the sum together with the costs of the attachment and sale, and any surplus and any property not sold shall be paid or returned to the person who, a the time of attachment, was or appeared to be in possession of the property.

(9) The costs of attachment shall include the expenses of the maintenance of livestock and the custody of movable property.

(10) In this section, unless the context otherwise requires "proprietor" in relation to the recovery of a sum recoverable by virtue of subsection  (5) or (5A) of section 45 from a parcel proprietor, includes any successor in title to the parcel proprietor.

(11) Where any property is sold by virtue of subsection (7) before the expiry of fourteen days from the date of attachment, the reference in subsection (4) to an order for the release of the property shall be construed as a reference to an order for the release of the proceeds of the sale of the property.

54. Service of documents.

(1) The management corporation shall at the main entrance to the lot -

(a) cause to be continuously displayed a notice showing the name of the management corporation and the address for service of documents as shown in the book of the strata register; and

(b) cause to be continuously available a receptacle suitable for purposes of postal delivery with the name of the management corporation clearly shown thereon, where the address for service of documents shown in the book of the strata register is the postal address of a building erected within the lot.

(2) Where the address for service of documents is altered the management corporation shall forthwith notify the Registrar and the Director of the alteration, and the Registrar shall make the appropriate endorsement in the book of the strata register.

(3) A document may be served on the management corporation by sending it by pre-paid registered post addressed to the management corporation at the address shown on the book of the strata register.

(4) The provisions of section 431 of the National Land Code relating to the methods of service shall apply to this section.

(5) For the purpose of this section the word "documents" shall include summons, notice, order and other legal process.

55. Breaches of provisions of this Part.

(1) If the management corporation commits a breach of any of the provisions of this Part or makes default in complying with any requirements of or duties imposed on it by any of the provisions of this Part, the management corporation and every member of its council, and any other proprietor, who knowingly is a party to the breach or default shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable, on conviction to a penalty expressly prescribed for such breach or default, or if no penalty is so prescribed, to a fine not exceeding two thousand ringgit.

(2) Where a requirement or duty is imposed on the management corporation by this Part, any person for whose benefit, or the benefit of whose parcel that requirement or duty is imposed on the management corporation, may apply to a court of competent jurisdiction for an order compelling the management corporation to carry out that requirement or perform that duty, as the case may be, and on such an application being made, the court may make such order as it thinks proper.

55A. Failure to pay contribution

Where any proprietor has failed to pay the contribution demanded by the management corporation in the manner set out in section 53, the proprietor shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding five thousand ringgit and to a further find not exceeding fifty ringgit for every day during which the contribution remains unpaid after conviction.

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