Management Corporation - from
its inception to the 1st AGM
04/05/2007 The Sun LAW & REALTY
By Roger Tan
A management corporation (MC) exists by operation of law upon the opening of
a book of the strata title in respect of a sub-divided building such as a
condominium or land such as a gated community development. In simple terms,
when individual strata titles are issued for these individual parcel units
or land parcels, the MC is deemed to have been set up.
Duties and powers of the MC
Generally, the duties and powers of the MC are set out in section 43 of the
Strata Titles Act, 1985 (“the Act”). Subject to any restrictions or
directions imposed at a general meeting, the Council may conduct the MC’s
business and exercise and perform any of the duties and powers or delegate
the exercise and performance of any of these duties or powers to any one or
more of the Council members.
However, until and unless a Council is elected, the MC is still technically
being run by the original proprietor who is the developer of the building or
land. The Council can only be formed and elected at the 1st annual general
meeting (AGM) of the MC.
Under section 41, the 1st AGM of the MC must be convened within one month
after the expiration of the initial period.
“Initial period” means the period commencing from the day the MC is formed
and ending on the day on which there are proprietors of at least one-quarter
of the aggregate share units, excluding the proprietor of the building lot
(who is usually the original proprietor of the Master Title) who is
registered as the proprietor of a parcel or a provisional block.
Restrictions and responsibilities imposed on the MC during initial period
During the initial period, the MC cannot:
(a) amend its by-laws in such a manner that a right is conferred or an
obligation is imposed on one or more but not all proprietors or in respect
of one or more but not all or provisional blocks;
(b) borrow moneys or give securities; or
(c) enter into any maintenance or service contracts for any periods
extending beyond the expiration of the initial period.
Without prejudice to any other remedy available against the original
proprietor, Management corporation if a MC contravenes any of the above, the
original proprietor shall be liable for any loss suffered by the MC or any
parcel proprietor as a result of the contravention, and the MC or any parcel
proprietor may recover from the original proprietor as damages for breach of
a statutory duty, any loss suffered by it or him in consequence of such
During the initial period, the MC is required to prepare proper accounts
under its name relating to all monies of the MC with regard to its income
and expenditure. Such accounts must be audited by a registered auditor
appointed by the original proprietor and the audited accounts shall be
presented to the Commissioner of Buildings (“the Commissioner”) appointed
under the Building and Common Property (Maintenance and Management) Act 2007
who may on an application made by a parcel proprietor, make available the
audited accounts for inspection at all reasonable times.
Contributions payable during the initial period
The amount payable as contribution to the management fund during the initial
period shall be determined by the original proprietor. Before the Strata
Titles (Amendment) Act 2007 (“the Amendment Act), which came into force on
April 12, 2007, the amount had to be approved by the Director of Land and
However, the Amendment Act allows any proprietor who is not satisfied with
the sum determined by the original proprietor to apply to the Commissioner
for a review and the Commissioner may:
(a) determine the sum; or
(b) instruct the original proprietor to appoint a registered property
manager to recommend the sum payable and submit a copy of a report to the
Commissioner for his approval and the Commissioner shall determine the sum
payable as he thinks just and reasonable.
Notice and agenda of the AGM
A notice of not less than 14 days before the AGM specifying the place, the
date and hour of the meeting and the general nature of the business to be
transacted must be given to every proprietor and every first chargee of a
parcel in the building or land who has notified his interest to the MC.
If the original proprietor fails to convene the first AGM within one month
after the expiration of the initial period, he shall be guilty of an offence
and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding RM25,000 and to a
further fine not exceeding RM2,000 for each day the offence continues to be
Further in this case, the Commissioner may, on application by the
purchasers, a proprietor or chargee of a parcel, appoint a person to convene
the 1st AGM of the MC within such time as may be specified by him.
The agenda for the 1st AGM shall include the following matters:
(a) to decide whether to confirm, vary or extend insurances effected by the
(b) to decide whether to confirm or vary any amounts determined as
contributions to the management fund;
(c) to determine the portion of contribution to the management fund to be
paid into the special account to be maintained under section 46;
(d) to determine the number of members of the council which shall not be
less than three and not more than 14 proprietors, and to elect the council
where there are more than three proprietors;
(e) to decide whether to amend the additional by-laws in force immediately
before the holding of the meeting; and
(f) to present the audited accounts of the MC.
The quorum at the AGM is one half of the persons entitled to vote. However,
if within half an hour after the time appointed for the meeting, the quorum
is not present, the meeting shall be adjourned to the same day in the next
week at the same place and time. If at the adjourned meeting, a quorum is
not present within half an hour after the time appointed for the meeting,
those persons entitled to vote who are present shall constitute a quorum.
Chairman of the meeting
The meeting shall be presided by a chairman who shall be elected from among
the persons present who are entitled to vote.
Persons entitled to vote
Section 37(2) has been repealed by the Amendment Act. With this deletion, a
parcel proprietor is now entitled to vote personally even though the
property is subject to a charge. Before this, only the chargee had the right
to vote personally unless he had appointed the proprietor as his proxy or
the charge agreement between them stated otherwise.
However, no proprietor is entitled to vote or to be elected to hold office
at a general meeting unless he has duly paid all contributions to the
management fund. A “proprietor” means a person who is for the time being
registered as the proprietor of his parcel.
A proxy, however, need not be a proprietor but it does not include the
original proprietor or his agent or servant. But a proxy is not entitled to
vote except on a poll.
Co-proprietors may vote through a jointly-appointed proxy. In the absence of
a proxy, co-proprietors are not entitled to a vote on a show of hands except
where a unanimous resolution is required.
Transfer of strata titles
It is common to see the original proprietor retaining control of the MC by
electing its representatives to the Council at the 1st AGM primarily because
not many parcel purchasers would have registered themselves as a registered
proprietor. Some may not have also fully settled all the contributions to
the management fund, even though a proprietor is entitled to demand proof at
the AGM whether the original proprietor has done so before the latter is
entitled to vote.
Pursuant to section 40A, which was inserted by the Amendment Act, both the
original proprietor and the purchaser are required to execute the documents
of transfer of strata titles within a specified period. The original
proprietor is required to do so within 12 months from the date of issue of
strata titles by the Land Administrator or any extended period approved by
the Director of the Land and Mines upon the opening of the strata register.
The purchaser must do so within 12 months or any extended period approved by
the Director from the date of notice of transfer of strata titles issued by
the original proprietor or from the date of purchase of the parcel,
whichever is the later.
If either party fails to do so, the penalty is a fine of not less than
RM1,000 and not more than RM10,000 ringgit per parcel.
The writer is the Chairman of the Conveyancing Practice Committee, Bar
Council Malaysia www.malaysianbar.org.my
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